Please wait a minute...
J4  2012, Vol. 46 Issue (12): 2215-2223    DOI: 10.3785/j.issn.1008-973X.2012.12.012
Influences of grouting heave on overlying structures in shield tunneling
LIN Cun-gang1, ZHANG Zhong-miao1, WU Shi-ming2, CUI Ying-hui3
1. Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, MOE Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geoenvironment Engineering,
Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, China;2. Hangzhou Qing-chun Road Cross-river Tunnel Company Limited,
Hangzhou,Zhejiang 310002, China; 3. PetroChina Dushanzi Petrochemical Company,Dushanzi 833600, China
Download:   PDF(0KB) HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      


Through analysis of in-situ monitored ground surface movements due to shield tunnelling in construction of Hangzhou Qingchun Road Cross-river Tunnel,it was found that the transversal ground surface heave induced by tail grouting follows the Gaussian curve pattern. Based on the traditional Peck equation, a generalized Peck equation that takes the grouting heave into account was proposed, which can predict and backanalyze the shield tunnelling-induced ground surface movements including grouting heave inside with great accuracy. Based on the limiting tensile strain method, the combined influences of ground loss and tail grouting on overlying structures were studied. In the case study, the optimum grouting volume was explored. The case study showed that the key to minimize tunnelling’s damage to overlying structures is to increase the factor of grouting , while additional grouting is harmful to the structures’ safety.

Published: 01 December 2012
CLC:  TU 443  
Cite this article:

LIN Cun-gang, ZHANG Zhong-miao, WU Shi-ming, CUI Ying-hui. Influences of grouting heave on overlying structures in shield tunneling. J4, 2012, 46(12): 2215-2223.

URL:     OR



[1] PECK R B. Deep excavations and tunneling in soft ground[C]∥State of the Art Report. Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering. Mexico City: [s.n.], 1969: 225-290.
[2] SAGASETA C. Analysis of undrained soil deformation due to ground loss[J]. Géotechnique,1987,37(3): 30-320.
[3] VERRUIJT A,BOOKER J R. Surface settlements due to deformation of a tunnel in an elastic halfplane[J]. Géotechnique,1996,46(4): 753-756.
[4] LOGANATHAN N,POULOS H G. Analytical prediction for tunnelinginduced ground movements in clays[J]. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering,1998,124(9): 846-856.
[5] CHIS Y,CHERN J C,LIN C C. Optimized backanalysis for tunnelinginduced ground movement using equivalent ground loss model[J]. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology,2001,16(3): 159-165.
[6] PARK K H. Analytical solution for tunnellinginduced ground movement in clays[J]. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology,2005,20(3): 249-261.
[7] BOSCARDIN M D,CORDING E J. Building response to excavationinduced settlement[J].Journal of Geotechnical Engineering,1989,115(1): 1-21.
[8] POTTS D M,ADDENBROOKE T I. A structure’s influence on thunnellinginduced ground movements[J].Proceedings of the ICEGeotechnical Engineering,1997,125(2): 109-125.
[9] BURLAND J B, STANDING J R, JARDINE F M. Building response to tunneling: Case studies from construction of the Jubilee Line Extension, London[M]. London : Thomas Telford Publishing, Thomas Telford Ltd, 2001: 23-43.
[10] NETZEL H D. Building response due to ground movements[D]. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Delft University of Technology, 2009: 37-46.
[11] FRANZIUS J N. Behaviour of buildings due to tunnel induced subsidence[D]. London :Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine,2003: 56-79.
[12] 吴世明,林存刚,张忠苗,等.泥水盾构下穿堤防的风险分析及控制研究[J].岩石力学与工程学报,2011,30(5): 1034-1042.
WU Shiming,LIN Cungang,ZHANG Zhongmiao,et al. Risk analysis and control for slurry shield underpassing embankment[J].Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2011,30(5): 1034-1042.
[13] 尹旅超,朱振宏,李玉珍,等.日本隧道盾构新技术[M].武汉:华中理工大学出版社,1999: 46-101.
[14] SHIRLAW J N, RICHARDS D P, RAMOND P, et al. Recent experience in automatic tail void grouting with soft ground tunnel boring machines[C]∥ITAAITES World Tunnel Congress. Singapore:[s.n.], 2004.
[15] LEE K M, JI H W, SHEN C K, et al. Ground response to the construction of Shanghai Metro TunnelLine 2[J].Soils and Foundations,1999,39(3): 113-134.
[16] MELIS M, MEDINA L, RODRIGUEZ J M. Prediction and analysis of subsidence induced by shield tunnelling in the Madrid Metro extension[J]. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 2002, 39(6): 1273-1287.
[17] MAYNAR M M, RODRIGUEZ L M. Predicted versus measured soil movements induced by shield tunnelling in the Madrid Metro extension[J]. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 2005, 42(4): 1160-1172.
[18] 肖衡.大直径泥水盾构掘进对土体的扰动研究[D].北京:北京交通大学土木建筑工程学院,2009: 234. XIAO Heng. Study on soil disturbance caused by large diameter slurry shield tunnelling[D].Beijing: School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University,2009: 2-34.
[19] ROWE R K, LO K Y, KACK G J. A method of estimating surface settlement above tunnels constructed in soft ground[J].Canadian Geotechnical Journal,1983,20(8): 11-22.
[20] LEE K M, POWE R K, LO  K Y. Subsidence owing to tunnelling. I: Estimating the gap parameter[J]. Canadian Geotechnical Journal,1992,29(6): 929-940.
[21] BURLAND J B, WROTH C P. Settlements of buildings and associated damage, State of the art review[C]∥ Conference on Settlement of Structure. London: Pentech Press, 1974: 611-654.
[22] 张忠苗,林存刚,吴世明,等.过江盾构隧道穿越大堤的地层沉降分析及控制[J].岩土工程学报,2011,33(6): 977-984.
ZHANG Zhongmiao, LIN Cungang, WU Shiming,et al.Analysis and control of ground settlement of embankments in construction of crossriver shield tunnels[J] Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 2011,33(6): 977-984.

[1] GUO Lin, CAI Yuan-qiang, GU Chuan, WANG Jun. Resilient and permanent strain behavior of soft clay under cyclic loading[J]. J4, 2013, 47(12): 2111-2117.
[2] LIANG Meng-gen, LIANG Tian, CHEN Yun-min. Centrifuge shaking table modeling of liquefaction characteristics of free field[J]. J4, 2013, 47(10): 1805-1814.
[3] HAN Tong-chun, DOU Hong-qiang, MA Shi-guo, WANG Fu-jian. Rainwater redistribution on stability of homogenous infinite slope[J]. J4, 2013, 47(10): 1824-1829.
[4] WU Yong, PEI Xiang-jun, HE Si-ming, LI Xin-po. Hydraulic mechanism of gully bed erosion by debris flow in rainfall[J]. J4, 2013, 47(9): 1585-1592.
[5] CHEN Zhuo , ZHOU Jian, WEN Xiao-gui,TAO Yan-li. Experimental research on effect of polarity reversal to electro-osmotic[J]. J4, 2013, 47(9): 1579-1584.
[6] CAI Yuan-qiang,LIU Xin-feng,GUO Lin,SUN Hong-lei,CAO Zhi-gang. Long-term settlement of surcharge preloading foundation in soft clay area induced by aircraft loads[J]. J4, 2013, 47(7): 1157-1163.
[7] WU Shi-ming, WANG Zhan, WANG Li-zhong. Monitoring and analysis of force and deformation of large section crossing-river tunnel during operation period[J]. J4, 2013, 47(4): 595-601.
[8] WU You-xia, WANG Zhan, ZHONG Run-hui2, LI Ling-ling, FENG Zhi-hong, WANG Qi. Analysis of interaction between dust break wall piles and soil
subjected to coal loading in soft foundation
[J]. J4, 2013, 47(3): 502-507.
[9] XU Chang-jie, LI Bi-qing, CAI Yuan-qiang. Bearing behaviors of self-balanced pile[J]. J4, 2012, 46(7): 1262-1268.
[10] HU An-feng, HUANG Jie-qing, XIE Xin-yu, WU Jian, LI Jin-zhu, LIU Kai-fu. Study on properties of one-dimensional complex
nonlinear consolidation considering selfweight of saturated soils
[J]. J4, 2012, 46(3): 441-447.
[11] HAN Tong-chun, HUANG Fu-ming. Rainfall infiltration process and stability analysis of two-layered slope[J]. J4, 2012, 46(1): 39-45.
[12] SUN De-An, CHEN Li-Wen, JUAN Wen-Zhan. Bifurcation analysis of water-soil coupled overconsolidated clay
under plane strain condition
[J]. J4, 2010, 44(10): 1938-1943.
[13] LI Ren-Min, LIU Song-Yu, FANG Lei, DU Yan-Jun. Micro-structure of clay generated by quartet structure generation set[J]. J4, 2010, 44(10): 1897-1901.