Over the last one hundred years, researches on the history of southern Yangtze River region have witnessed and played a role in the social and cultural transformation of modern China, but as far as the modern cultural history of Zhejiang is concerned, there is still much room for study when compared with Shanghai and southern Jiangsu. Researches on revolution versus events, structure versus identification and scholars versus academic schools should lead to a retrospect of the modern cultural history of Zhejiang. In this context, possible issues of future research emerge. Firstly, due to the trend of de-ideological and multi-dimensional approach, revolution can be interpreted from pluralistic perspectives, and the cultural tension between revolutionary groups and events can be highlighted. Secondly, the focus of social and conceptual changes is shifted to the exploration of hidden factors behind cultural phenomena, including society and power, structure and mentality, collective memory and cultural identity. Thus, the dynamic elite-public, central-local and state-society relationships are renewed, and the modern society of Zhejiang, in terms of the internal context and distinct historical experiences, can be probed into. Finally, the examination of the academic thoughts and practice of the Zhejiang scholars can demonstrate their key transitional role in the evolution of modern academics and the interaction between values, concepts and reality. These researches become important resources for rebuilding modern Zhejiang learning. How to construct a dynamic relation among virtue studies, the political and education system and social order has been the subject of historical development since Song dynasty, as well as the root cause of the debate on ″ancient versus modern and China versus West.″The modern cultural transformation is derived from this relation. An open, tolerant and sincere attitude, properly combined with pluralistic paradigms and Chinese issues will surely promote the studies on the modern cultural history of Zhejiang. If we return to humanism, start with the theme of historical development, take a pluralistic perspective in the context of Chinese history since Song dynasty, and explore Chinese principles based on the knowledge of the variable and the invariable, we might be able to reorient academic research and integrate it with the fundamental issues, linking the past, the present and the future. The Chinese principles and values should be found in the day-to-day but unrevealed experiences and events. An event serves as the starting point of individual and group behaviors. The revolutionary events and their inherent mechanism should be interpreted from pluralistic perspectives and a sense of the times, because this can demonstrate how a profound understanding of the expression and practice of modern cultural concepts can be achieved. Living space and social network are constructed by the interwoven social structure, public psychology, system frame and cultural identity, constituting the foundation and background of historical events. Scholars and academic schools, with the obligation of cultural inheritance and value promotion, tend to actively reflect and respond to the changes of the times and the society and suggest the standpoint and direction for the changes. The modern cultural evolution of Zhejiang should be examined through an integration of events, structures and theories. New historical materials, expanded theoretical paradigms, plus the merging of the ancient and the modern, China and the West, will provide effective knowledge and intellectual resources for the exploration of Chinese principles.
张凯. 路径与旨趣：近代浙江文化史研究嬗变[J]. 浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版), 2016, 2(2): 53-.
Zhang Kai. Path and Purport: The Evolution of Researches on the History of Zhejiang Modern Culture. JOURNAL OF ZHEJIANG UNIVERSITY, 2016, 2(2): 53-.