Abstract：With the advance of popularization,internationalization and marketization of high education,the social and economic activities that higher education institutions participate in have become increasingly multivariate,open and complicated,but in the meanwhile numerous potential risks frequently appear in their internal governance .As the basis of carrying out the risk prevention and control,identifying and judging characteristics,expressive types and degree of complexity of risk inducements will exerts great impacts on pertinence,enforcement,progress and effect of prevention and control practices . Implementation of inner governance depends on establishing an integrated network system that possesses complex,scientific and complete functions,with its inherent stipulation being able to realize reasonable allocation of authority and responsibility and adjust the conflict and game of interest groups .If governance structure is designed irrationally or power-responsibility has been in inappropriate and poor operation,negative deviations occur in governance goal and idea,which are called inner governance risks .The risks derive from the inertia and resistance in the condition that is present in the conflict between the operation of the power and responsibility system and the inner logic and value pursuit of the internal governance system . When the inertia and resistance go beyond the limit of self-organizing function in higher education institutions,it will produce disorder and chaos .Internal governance risks are essentially that core interest subjects can't share power and responsibility of governance effectively and jointly,so that equity and efficiency are barely realized .Internal governance risks are divided into strategic risk,managerial risk,financial risk,integrity risk and quality risk .Diverse kinds of risks are often hidden under every operation link of political power,executive power,academic power and power of democratic supervision,and then combine organically to constitute a risk cluster . Risk mechanism of action includes risk source,triggered behavior,risk point and conducting pathway .Risk experiences the evolution process from sprout,generation,diffusion to chain reaction,which shows the unification of asymptotic and mutational properties .Because of the evident academic feature,various power forms,intertwined and highly decentralized internal interests chains as well as loosely organized state of higher education institutions,inner governance risk has enhanced in terms of uncertainly,complex variability,interaction and chain reaction .There exist Environment factor and subject factor in risk sources,between which multiple penetration and influence under the tension come into play .Firstly,the catalyzing or formulation of risks can happen simultaneously,which will expand the risks in the internal structure and push the spread of risks like adding fuel to the flames . The second is that suppressing metabolism will lead to waxing and waning and make risk transmission produce deviating inflexion,the result of which would in turn cause risk source in accumulation and sedimentation to be deconstructed and released partly .However,the core elements of the old risk structure will not change fundamentally,and will continue to develop and extend when meeting some triggers again .Lastly and what really counts is that the accumulation or liberation of risk sources relies on the person's subjective initiative,which will inevitably fluctuate along with reciprocal game between environmental and subjective factors .It is the choices of actors that can radically transform the relationship in the risk structure .