The factors which have an impact on the innovation of social science research methods can be divided into three categories :″subjective factors″,″guarantee factors″and″m otivation factors″. Firstly,″subjective factors″are the most direct factors,which can be further divided into two types :the researcher's innovation ability and innovation motivation . Secondly,″guarantee factors″include material conditions,management system and mechanism,cultural atmosphere,and team building . These factors provide material support,policy support,cultural support and organization support respectively to the innovation of social science research methods .To look at it closely,material conditions are a prerequisite for scientific innovation,and research funds are the most important factor . Management systems and mechanisms relate to the allocation system of research funds,the way programs are evaluated,the way professional ranks are evaluated,the teachers's alary system,the system of achievement evaluation in scientific research,etc .. They are the fundamental factors impeding the innovation of social science research methods . The cultural atmosphere in research teams,universities and countries plays an important part in the innovation of social science research methods . Additionally,since cooperation has become moreimportant today,team-buildingis another factor that plays a greater role in the innovation of social science research methods . Thirdly,government support,technology development and social needs provide developing motivation for the innovation of social science research methods . Specifically,government provides guidance and support in the aspect of policies .Moreover,the development of natural sciences also helps push forward the innovation of social science research methods,and the changing society also demands innovations of social science research methods .Each factor is both independent and interrelated . ″Motivation factors″and″guarantee factors″both affect the innovation of social science research methods via″subjective factors″. Therefore,″subjective factors″are an intermediate variable . Many methods can be used to promote the innovation of social science research method,which includes : increase investment,reform the management system and mechanism,support team-building,encourage innovation,provide platform of exchanges and so on . Finally,this research only provides a framework and a theoretical discussion of the factors which affects the innovation of social science research method . Further empirical research is needed to understand better how these factors interact with each other .
范柏乃 徐巍 张维维 邵青. 哲学社会科学研究方法创新的影响因素及影响机理[J]. 浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版), 2012, 42(1): 166-175.
Fan Bonai Xu Wei Zhang Weiwei Shao Qing. Factors Which Have an Impact on the Innovation of Social ScienceResearch Methods and Their Mechanism. , 2012, 42(1): 166-175.