Abstract：The opera Fengliu Yuan was written in the late Ming Dynasty and the opera Boming Hua and Gushan Meng were both written in the Qing Dynasty. They all tell the story of Feng Xiaoqingin Hangzhou at the end of the Ming Dynasty, but the academic community knows little of the life stories of the authors Zhu Jingfan, author of Fengliu Yuan or Qian Wenwei, author of Boming Hua, ,and Gushan Meng has long been regarded as the work of an unknown man.This paper tries to make a detailed study on the life stories of Zhu Jingfan and Qian Wenwei, and the author of Gushan Meng is probably Sun Peilin, who lived in Anhui province during the Daoguang and Jiaqing periods in the Qing Dynasty.
Before the opera text of Fengliu Yuan, there were two kinds of prefaces inscribed by Chai Shaoran and Jina Muhuan. From the contents of the preface, Zhu Jingfan, Chai Shaoran and Jina Muhuan lived in the same region. Based on textual research, Chai Shaoran was the eldest brother of Chai Shaobing, one of the Xiling Ten Persons of Hangzhou in the late Ming Dynasty. In the Preface, Jina Muhuan said that he meditated in Qixia Hill, which is located in the northwest of the West Lake in Qiantang County, Hangzhou. In addition, (Emperor Kangxi) Qiantang County Annals Volume 32 Jingji Zhi records the writings of Zhu Jingfan, a local personin the late Ming Dynasty. According to these materials, it can be determined that Zhu Jingfan is from Qiantang County, Hangzhou, and his life story can be supplemented.
Qian Wenwei, a Qing Dynasty person, in his inscription for Li Wenhan's opera Yanzhi Xi, introduced his work on the opera Boming Hua that told the story of Feng Xiaoqing, the inscription was signed ″younger brother Qian Wenwei Lantai in Chongchuan″. Yanzhi Xi was written in 1842, and Chongchuan is the ancient name of Nantong, Jiangsu. 〖JP2〗(Emperor Guangxu) Tongzhou Zhili Prefecture Annals Volume 12 Zhongjie Biography has Qian Wenwei Biography, from which we know that Qian Wenwei was the Jinshi in the fifteenth year of Emperor Daoguang in the Qing Dynasty.〖JP〗 Through the examination of The Fifteenth Year of Emperor Daoguang Huishi Tongnian Chilu, theauthor confirmed that it was the same person. In addition, the author also found more information about Qian Wenwei's life story in books such as Dunbi Suiwen Lu, (Emperor Guangxu) Lingbao County Annals and (The Republic of China) The Newly Revised Yunnan Annals.
The opera of the Qing Dynasty Gushan Meng is kept in Zhejiang Library, but the author's name has not been written. The opera changed Feng Xiaoqing's original name from ″Xuanxuan″ to ″Yuanyuan″ to avoid the taboo of Emperor Xuanye, so the opera was written during the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty and thereafter. According to the (The Republic of China) Dangtu County Annals, Sun Peilin from Dangtu County, Anhui Province wrote the opera Gushan Meng, and there is Sun Peilin Biography in this County's annals, and through the biography we know that Sun Peilin lived in the Jiaqing and Daoguang periods of the Qing Dynasty. The county annals document states that Sun Peilin admires Li Bai and admires Buddhism, The Opera Gushan Meng in Zhejiang Library is based on the promotion of Buddhist doctrines and there is also Li Bai's deeds in the opera, which is consistent with Sun Peilin's thoughts and behavior.