It is generally believed that Pusa Benyuan Jing was written by SengjiaSina and translated by Zhi Qian of the Wu Dynasty . After examining Sengjia Sina's life and the circumstances in which this scripture was compiled , however , our finding is that the compiler is uncertain . An analysis of lexical words like″Diliao″,″Moujia″,″Nirvāna″,″Mahoraga″,″A sura″and″Sphatika″,and grammatical features like theinterrogative adverbial″jiangfei″,the modals″ye″and″hu″,andthepassive voice structureshows that the translator is not Zhi Qian . The unique outer structure of the scripture also distinguishes it in formfrom all the attributed translated scriptures of Zhi Qian . The philological , linguistic and textual features of the scripture support our conclusion that the compiler of this scripture is unknown and the translator is not Zhi Qian ,and the translation time should be later than the Wu Dynasty ,or probably after the Western Jin Dynasty .
颜洽茂 熊 娟. 《菩萨本缘经》撰集者和译者之考辨[J]. 浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版), 2010, 40(5): 55-63.
Yan Qiamao Xiong Juan. Examination of the Composer and the Translator of the Buddhist Sutra : Pusa Benyuan Jing. , 2010, 40(5): 55-63.