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Journal of ZheJiang University(Medical Science)  2012, Vol. 41 Issue (3): 250-258    DOI:
    
Age variations of head-face morphological traits of Hakka in Guangdong province
ZHENG Lian-bin1,LU Shun-hua2,BAO Jin-ping3,WANG Yang1,ZHANG Xiao-rui1,XUE Hong1,RONG Wen-guo1
1.College of Life Sciences,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cyto-Genetical and Molecular Regulation,Tianjin Normal University,Tianjin 300387,China; 2.College of Life Sciences and Technology,Inner Mongolia Normal University,Hohhot 010022,China;3.Institute of Sports Science,Tianjin Normal University,Tianjin 300387,China
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Abstract  Objective: To investigate the age variations of head-face morphological traits of Hakka in Guangdong Province.
Methods: Thirty-eight physical indices of head and face of 671 Hakka adults (151 urban males,181 urban females,162 rural males and 177 rural females) from Meizhou city of Guangdong were investigated.Twelve physical indices of head and face were calculated and counted its indices distributions.The age changes of morphological traits of head and face were analyzed.
Results: With the age growing,the rate of eyefold of the upper eyelid was increased,and the Mongoloid fold decreased,the direction of eyeslits tended to level,nasal root height dropped,the zygomatic projection was more projected,the eye color turned to lighter,the upper red lips became thinner; medium-sized facial height,nasal height,upper lip skin height,physiognomic ear length,physiognomic ear breadth and breadth of alae nasi were decreased.The index of mouth breadth,morphological facia skin fold were positively correlated with the age.The index of minimum frontal breadth,face breadth,bigonial diameter,interocular breadth,external biocular breadth,lip height,thickness of lips and horizontal head circumference were negatively correlated with the age.With the age growing,morphological facial index and vertical cephalo-facial index was ascending.Moreover,length-height index of head,transverse frontoparietal index,zygomatico-frontal index and lip index were declining.
Conclusion: With the age growing,the head and face measurements,physical indices and the proportion of observed indices have changed in Hakka in Guangdong province.


Key wordsHead/anatomy and histology      Face/anatomy and histology      Age factors; Han      Hakka; Guangdong     
Published: 25 May 2012
Cite this article:

. Age variations of head-face morphological traits of Hakka in Guangdong province. Journal of ZheJiang University(Medical Science), 2012, 41(3): 250-258.

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http://www.zjujournals.com/med/     OR     http://www.zjujournals.com/med/Y2012/V41/I3/250


广东客家人头面部形态特征的年龄变化

目的:研究广东客家人头面部形态特征随年龄增长而变化的规律。
方法:对广东省梅州市客家人头面部形态进行了调查。其中,城市332人(城男151人,城女181人),乡村339人(乡男162人,乡女177人)。本次调查共采用38项头面部指标,并计算了12项头面部体质指数,初步分析了广东客家人头面部形态特征的年龄变化。
结果:①随年龄增长广东客家人上眼睑皱褶率增加,蒙古褶率下降,眼裂趋于水平,鼻根变低,颧部更突出,眼色变浅,上红唇变薄,鼻翼宽的宽型率增加,中等型率下降。②广东客家人口裂宽、形态面高、鼻高、上唇皮肤部高度、容貌耳长、容貌耳宽、面颊皮褶与年龄呈正相关,额最小宽、面宽、下颌角间宽、眼内角间宽、眼外角间宽、唇高、红唇厚度、头围与年龄呈负相关。③广东客家人形态面、头面高指数与年龄呈正相关,头长高、额顶宽、颧额宽、口指数与年龄呈负相关。
结论:广东客家人头面部形态特征随年龄增长呈现一定的变化规律。

关键词: 头部/解剖学和组织学,  面部/解剖学和组织学,  年龄因素,  汉族,  客家人,  广东 
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