浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版) 2017, 43(3) 281-288 DOI:   10.3785/j.issn.1008-9209.2016.11.211  ISSN: 1008-9209 CN: 33-1247/S

本期目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索                                                            [打印本页]   [关闭]
作物栽培和生理
扩展功能
本文信息
Supporting info
PDF(729KB)
[HTML全文]
参考文献[PDF]
参考文献
服务与反馈
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
引用本文
Email Alert
文章反馈
浏览反馈信息
本文关键词相关文章
糯玉米
农艺性状
区域试验
试点评价
品种评价
混合线性模型
本文作者相关文章
PubMed
浙江省糯玉米品种稳定性、适应性和试点综合评价
李燕1,林峰2,李潞潞2,徐海明2*1
(1.浙江省种子管理总站,杭州 310020;2.浙江大学农业与生物技术学院作物科学研究所,杭州 310058)
摘要: 为明确品种、地点、年份因子对浙江省糯玉米产量性状和构成产量相关性状的贡献率,本研究利用基于混合线性模型的统计分析方法,对2013—2015年浙江省糯玉米区试数据进行分析,从试点的生产水平、精度、分辨力、代表性和稳定性等5方面对浙江省糯玉米8个区试点进行初步的综合评价研究,同时对29个糯玉米参试品种进行丰产性、稳定性和适应性评价。结果表明:8个试点的精确度较高,试验均有效;8个试点的生产水平有高有低,代表着不同的地点生产水平;嘉善、杭州、淳安等3个试点对糯玉米产量性状的分辨力较高;东阳、江山、淳安、杭州等4个试点对糯玉米产量性状具有较高的普遍代表性,宜鉴别广泛适应性的品种;东阳、嘉善2个试点的适宜性较好,稳定性较高;品种、地点、品种与地点互作效应、年份与地点互作效应对糯玉米产量性状有显著影响,品种和地点互作效应对糯玉米产量构成的农艺性状没有显著影响。品种产量性状稳定性和丰产性分析结果表明,糯玉米品种“科甜糯2号”的产量和稳定性都较好。
关键词 糯玉米   农艺性状   区域试验   试点评价   品种评价   混合线性模型  
Comprehensive evaluation on the stability, adaptability and location for waxy maize varieties in Zhejiang Province
LI Yan1, LIN Feng2, LI Lulu2, XU Haiming2*
(1. Seed Management Station of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310020, China; 2. Institute of Crop Science, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China)
Abstract: Waxy maize is an important economic crop in Zhejiang Province. Agronomic traits, especially the yield and yieldrelated traits of waxy maize are the focus of attention paid by both waxy maize breeders and producers. Most agronomic traits of waxy maize are quantitative traits affected by environment, variety-by-location interaction, variety and location-by-year interaction. It is very important to understand the contribution rates of each factor to agronomic traits of waxy maize, so as to screen appropriate varieties for Zhejiang Province. 
In this study, a regional variety test with random complete block design was implemented in multiple locations from 2013 to 2015. Totally, 29 waxy maize varieties and eight test locations were arranged with three blocks in each location. The yield and seven yield- related traits, ear length, ear diameter, net ear rate, rows per ear, row grains, fresh 1 000-grain mass, and seed producing rate were investigated. Based on the location effects, variety effects, year effects, location-by-year interaction effects, variety-by-location interaction effects, predicted by a mixed linear model, the stability and adaptability of the 29 varieties were analyzed, and the eight locations were comprehensively evaluated using productive level, precision, distinguishing ability, representation and stability. SAS and QTModel softwares were applied for the analysis. 
The results of variance analysis showed that the location effects, variety effects, year effects, year-by-location interaction effects and variety-by-location interaction effects were significant for yield trait, and the variety-by-location interaction effects for seven yield-related traits were not significant. Wherein, 67.6% of variance for rows per ear was from variety effects, 36.3% of variance for yield from location effects. Additionally, the location related effects explained 6.9% 62.0% of the total variance for each agronomic trait. In accordance with the contribution rate of location?related effects, the traits from high to low contributions were the yield, seed producing rate, row grains, fresh 1 000-grain mass, net ear rate, ear diameter, ear length, rows per ear, respectively. The results for comprehensive evaluation on location showed that productive levels in the eight locations were diverse; the trial precisions in the eight locations were high, showing that the trials were all valid. In these test locations, Jiashan, Hangzhou and Chun’an possessed high distinguishability; Dongyang, Jiangshan, Chun’an and Hangzhou possessed high representativeness; Dongyang and Jiashan possessed high stability and productive level. 
On evaluation of variety stability and yield-ability, according to the results of multiple comparisons by Tukey method for yield trait, the varieties marked by “a” were regarded as appropriate ones, and among them, those with yield mean value equal to or larger than the average of all appropriate ones were determined as the most appropriate varieties. Based on the variety effects and variety-by-location interaction effects, the stability of the variety was estimated. As a result, “Ketiannuo 2” was the most appropriate variety for Zhejiang Province.
Keywords: waxy maize   agronomic trait   regional trial   location evaluation   variety evaluation   mixed linear model  
收稿日期 2016-11-21 修回日期  网络版发布日期 2016-12-08 
DOI: 10.3785/j.issn.1008-9209.2016.11.211
基金项目:

浙江省“三农六方”科技协作项目[CTZB-F150922AWZ-SNY1(2)]

通讯作者: 徐海明(http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0675-4087)
作者简介:
作者Email: hmxu@zju.edu.cn

参考文献:
本刊中的类似文章
1.韦克苏,胡婷婷,李德仑,涂永高,于良骥,涂光军.混施有效微生物群(EM)及土壤改良剂对烤烟农艺性状及品质的影响[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2015,41(4): 439-448
2.郝心颖, 朱军.全基因组关联分析SGRQ遗传变异与吸烟的关系(英文)[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2014,40(4): 431-439
3.张斌, 朱军.吸烟和性别对身体质量指数遗传结构的影响(英文)[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2014,40(4): 421-430
4.袁兵, 崔海瑞, 富昊伟, 蒋萌, 李瑞清, 赵海军, 舒庆尧.水稻Os09g24220基因插入突变体的分子鉴定与农艺性状分析[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2014,40(4): 456-462
5.王营营, 黄璐, 樊龙江*.菰(Zizania latifolia)主要农艺性状及其驯化育种[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2013,39(6): 629-635
6.段发平  郑枫  段俊  黎垣庆  梁承邺.转BAR基因水稻的抗性遗传、生理特性和农艺性状研究[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2006,32(4): 355-359
7.沈圣泉  舒庆尧  包劲松  吴殿星  夏英武.应用近等基因系研究Bt基因对水稻性状表现的影响[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2005,31(3): 283-287
8.陆晓春  薛庆中.转Xa21基因培矮64S R2代性状的表现[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2001,27(6): 591-595
9.蒋淑丽  王学德.5个棉花纤维突变体的胚珠形态特征与农艺性状研究[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2001,27(3): 285-289
10.朱军.数量性状遗传分析的新方法及其在育种中的应用[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2000,26(1): 1-6

文章评论

Copyright by 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版)