浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版) 2017, 43(2) 183-191 DOI:   10.3785/j.issn.1008-9209.2016.04.111  ISSN: 1008-9209 CN: 33-1247/S

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本文关键词相关文章
 青鳉
组织蛋白酶E
基因克隆
功能预测
本文作者相关文章
王家庆
董慧明
李振刚
李绍明
王若楠
付玉洁
PubMed
Article by Wang J
Article by Dong H
Article by Li Z
Article by Li S
Article by Wang R
Article by Fu Y
 青鳉组织蛋白酶E基因全长cDNA克隆与功能预测
 王家庆1*, 董慧明2, 李振刚3, 李绍明1, 王若楠1, 付玉洁1
 (1.沈阳工学院生命工程学院,辽宁抚顺113122;2.辽宁省食品检验检测院,沈阳110015;3.吉林大学生命科学学院,长春130012)
摘要:  利用反转录聚合酶链式反应和cDNA 末端快速扩增技术克隆青鳉(Oryzias latipes)肠道组织蛋白酶E (cathepsin E,CtpE)基因全长cDNA 序列,并分析青鳉组织蛋白酶(OlCtpE)的功能。结果显示:OlCtpE 基因cDNA (GenBank登录号:KP864679)全长1 301 bp,其中5'端非翻译区24 bp,3'端非翻译区56 bp,开放阅读框1 221 bp,编码 406个氨基酸;OlCtpE蛋白N端含有一个由17个氨基酸组成的信号肽,属于分泌蛋白;同源比对显示,OlCtpE蛋白由2 个以活性位点“DTGT”为催化中心的同源结构域组成,对称分布的2个保守的催化中心形成“催化二联体”;三级结构分析显示,负责底物固定的“活性中心翼环”延伸到活性部位上,活性部位的发夹式裂隙可以为底物与酶的契合提供空间。
关键词  青鳉   组织蛋白酶E   基因克隆   功能预测  
 Cloning and function prediction of full-length cDNA for cathepsin E derived from medaka (Oryzias latipes).
 WANG Jiaqing1*, DONG Huiming2, LI Zhengang3, LI Shaoming1, WANG Ruonan1, FU Yujie1
 (1. College of Life Engineering, Shenyang Institute of Technology, Fushun 113122, Liaoning, China; 2. Liaoning Institute for Food Control, Shenyang 110015, China; 3. School of Life Science, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China)
Abstract:  Cathepsin is a kind of protease that mainly exists in intracellular lysosome. Under the weak acid condition, cathepsin can be activated and acts as hydrolysate protein. Based on the different mechanisms of the protein hydrolysis, cathepsin is divided into four species, including aspartic acid protease, cysteine protease, serine protease and threonine protease. Cathepsin D and cathepsin E (CtpE) both belong to aspartic proteases, while the latter is fundamental basis for life activities of mammals. Moreover, CtpE is an important enzyme in participating physiological processes of aquatic animals, such as digestion, yolk formation and immune response. However, few researches were focused on immune function of CtpE gene in fish. In this study, a full- length cDNA of CtpE was cloned from medaka (Oryzias latipes), to identify the gene and protein sequences of CtpE in medaka, and to clarify the evolutionary relationship of O. latipes CtpE (OlCtpE) with other animals, providing a theoretical foundation for further research on the physiological function of CtpE in fish. The total RNA was extracted from medaka gut tissue, using Trizol kit according to the manual steps. The quality of total RNA was extracted by agarose gel electrophoresis. Reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) were used to clone the full-length cDNA of OlCtpE from gut tissue in medaka. According to GenBank, the CtpE gene and corresponding protein sequence of Fundulus heteroclitus, Poecilia formosa, Austrofundulus limnaeus and Larimichthys crocea were downloaded and then analyzed through the global Clustal X alignment. The conserved region of the medaka OlCtpE gene fragment was amplified using the degenerate primers PF1 and PR1. The 3' RACE specific primers PE2 and PE3 were designed according to the conserved sequence, which was amplified by degenerate primers PF1 and PR1 using DNAStar software. The 5' RACE specific primers PE4, PE5 and PE6 were designed according to the conserved sequence, which was also amplified by degenerate primers PF1 and PR1 using DNAStar software. The RT-PCR product sequence, the 3' RACE and 5' RACE product sequences were assembled by using DNAman software. Clustal X 1.81 and MEGA 4.0 softwares were used to analyze the amino acid homology. The basic physical and chemical properties of proteins were predicted by ExPASy- PROSITE and ExPASy- ProtParam. The signal peptide and the glycosylation sites were predicted by SignalP 4.1 and NetNGlyc 1.0, respectively. The tertiary structure of OlCtpE protein was predicted by homology modeling method using SWISS-MODEL software. The results showed that the full-length cDNA of the OlCtpE was 1 301 bp, containing 24 bp 5'-untranslated regions (UTR), 56 bp 3'-UTR and 1 221 bp open reading frame, presumably encoding 406 amino acids. The cloned cDNA sequence of OlCtpE gene has been submitted to the GenBank database (accession number: KP864679). The N-terminus of OlCtpE protein contained a signal peptide of 17 amino acids, and it was a secretory protein. The OlCtpE protein contained three N- linked glycosylation sites,“NPTI”(amino acids 26-29),“NFSV”(amino acids 95-98) and“NLTV”(amino acids 162-165). The sequence homology from medaka CtpE protein was 77% with those of F. heteroclitus and A. limnaeus, 74% with that of P. latipinna, and 71% with that of L. crocea. A total of 22 CtpE proteins in different fish species had the active sites of conserved aspartate protease, which were“VIFDTGSSDLWV”(amino acids 98-109) and“AIVDTGTSLIAG”(amino acids 284-295) by homology analysis. The amino acid sequence homology was 43.60% between the CtpE protein from medaka and the porcine pepsinogen, and the two tertiary structures were also very similar. The tertiary structural analysis showed that the substrate was fixed to the active site in the active center, and the hairpin of the active site could provide space for the combination of substrate and enzyme. The overall shape of CtpE protein from medaka and porcine pepsinogen showed ellipsoid, and formed a relatively independent space entity. In conclusion, OlCtpE might play a very important role in the immune processing and presentation of exogenous antigen. Cloning and function analysis of the OlCtpE provide essential evidence for further studies on immune gene function.
Keywords:  medaka (Oryzias latipes)   cathepsin E   gene cloning   function prediction  
收稿日期  修回日期  网络版发布日期  
DOI: 10.3785/j.issn.1008-9209.2016.04.111
基金项目:

 辽宁省科技厅自然科学基金面上项目(2015020804);辽宁省教育厅科学研究一般项目(L2014563);沈阳工学院青年骨干教师科研基金项目(QN201402)

通讯作者: 王家庆(http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3435-6561),Tel:+86 24 58014398,E-mail:jiaqing5212@163.com
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